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Achieving Monetary Efficiency with the Flu Vaccine

Based on the increase of the cases of flu nationwide, legislation has been approved in many states that would allow pharmacist to give flu shots. It was recommended that the pharmacist had to undergo an approved course which will enable them carry out the task effectively. Due to that, the number of people who qualify to give flu shots increased tremendously and they were widely distributed all over the different states. The trained pharmacists were allowed to immunize people who were 18 years and older. This action would allow at least 50,000 New York City residents to receive the shots a practice that was already adopted in 47 states.

Nurse practitioners and doctors undergo thorough training on how to treat and give various medications to the patients. They are also taught how to give vaccines but they usually delegate this task to nurses. At this point, they act as overseers ensuring nothing goes wrong with the medication process.A nurse practitioner salary depends on the type of education received, their specialty, metropolitan area, their specific industry and their State. On average nurse practitioners were found to earn between $45,600-$93,600 annually. Family doctors are usually paid depending on the type of family they are taking care of, and their location and it ranges between $140,122-$232,599 annually.

Registered nurses carry out several activities in the hospital setting including taking care of patients, treating them, overseeing treatments, and storing and administering vaccines. These nurses have been trained on proper handling and storage of vaccines to ensure that they are not interfered with in any way. There are specific conditions that each vaccine should be kept at for proper storage practices. In administering vaccines, special training is given to these nurses to avoid any side effects after treatment. Nurse practitioners carry out various responsibilities and are well rewarded with their good salary of averagely $86,400-$111,900 annually.

When pharmacists were allowed to give vaccines, doctors and nurses were up in arms against it saying that it will increase reliability on their side with the would be increased cases of side-effects after the treatment. Their concern was put to rest when they were informed that all pharmacists would undergo an approved course before they are allowed to give the vaccines. As a matter of fact, the exercise is doing well as it has enabled more people access immediate health care and treatment. Pharmacists average annual salary was $116,670 by 2012. Pharmacists must be licensed and have a Doctor of Pharmacy to carry out his practice.

Allowing pharmacists give vaccines to residents has had a great impact on the general population health as several diseases have been able to be controlled and maintained. Drug stores exist in almost every neighborhood which is not the same case with the hospitals or clinics, therefore, by providing vaccines, a large population is catered for in terms of health matters. Pharmacists who generally earn much more than nurses get to dispense some of their services much more cheaply. While this doesn’t make perfect sense from a salary-paid point of view, it does make sense in the end because only the pharmacist is involved in administering the flu shot. At a doctors office, each service provided (including vaccines) must support the salaries of many registered nurses and, likely, nurse practitioners. Compare paying the salary of one pharmacist versus 5 registered nurses, and you’ll see where the cost efficiency comes in!

Diseases like flu, pneumonia and influenza that used to kill more than 2,000 New yorkers annually have been reduced to manageable levels due to the wide spread of health services. This was effected by thinking that if the vaccines were easily available, then it would be easy for an individual to get one.Pharmacists are trained specialists who understand all about medications and now vaccination has been added to their list.

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8 Power Foods to Fight the Flu

In spite of extensive vaccination campaigns every flu season, millions of people still contract the influenza virus every year. Unfortunately, over-the-counter medications don’t always work to eliminate the uncomfortable symptoms. Luckily, nature is more than willing to help with a number of foods that can boost your immune function, helping you to fight the flu more quickly, or even preventing you from getting the flu to begin with.

Chicken Soup

As it turns out, there is some wisdom behind your grandmother’s bowl of chicken soup. Not only does eating soup help to keep your body hydrated, chicken soup can also reduce the inflammation that can make your symptoms feel more severe. Adding some extra garlic, onions, and leeks to the soup can help it pack and immunity-boosting punch, helping to fight and prevent further virus attacks.

Citrus

Citrus fruits are full of vitamin C, a powerful antioxidant that can help reduce the severity of your flu symptoms. If oranges and grapefruit aren’t your things, you can also find high concentrations of vitamin C in foods such as broccoli, brussels sprouts, red bell peppers, sweet potatoes, butternut squash, papaya, and sweet potatoes. However, it is important that you consume vitamin C with caution, as it can cause digestive problems when consumed in high concentrations.

Ginger

Ginger ale can do more than simply soothe your sore throat when you have the flu. Ginger is full of substances that can help reduce pain and fever, suppress coughing, and even help you sleep. Adding ginger to hot tea can help speed your relief, or you can drink ginger ale – just make sure that it is made from actual ginger and not artificially flavored.

Honey

Not only can honey coat your throat, easing soreness, it also has antimicrobial properties. This allows it to help your body fight of viral infections like the flu. When possible, buy buckwheat honey, which has the highest antioxidant and antimicrobial levels. For a truly flu-fighting punch, combine ginger tea with lemon and honey.

Yogurt

Yogurt with activated cultures contains Lactobacillus reuteri, that can prevent viruses from replicating inside your body. This helps your immune system fight the infection before you even get sick. The best type of yogurt to buy is organic to ensure that you receive a product that has activated cultures. Even better, consuming this type of yogurt can aid your digestion as well.

Red Wine

As with yogurt, the compounds in red wine prevent the flu virus from multiplying in your system. For best results, opt for a pinot noir, which contains the highest levels of resveratorl and polyphenols. If you prefer to stay away from alcohol, eating peanuts or grape leaves can provide a similar (though slightly less strong) effect.

Mushrooms

Mushrooms have long held a place in herbal medicine chests. Eating mushrooms encourages your body to produce cytokines, which help to fight off infections. In addition, the plysaccharides in mushrooms help to further boost your immune function, helping to keep you from getting sick in the first place. For the most flu-fighting power, eat Chinese mushroom varieties such as reishi, maitake, and shiitake.

Black pepper

One of the most common spices in your kitchen can also be used to fight off the flu. Black pepper is known to provide pain relief, and reduce fevers. Additionally, consuming black pepper can help to boost the absorption of other herbal remedies. For a truly flu-fighting dish, consider cooking up some chicken soup with onion, garlic, leeks, mushrooms, and plenty of black pepper. Then, down a glass of hot ginger tea with honey and lemon.

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Unconventional Tips for Preventing (and Surviving!) the Flu

If you’re gearing up for the flu season by eating a crate of oranges a day and find yourself wearing a surgical mask anytime you leave the house, then I bet you have already researched and tried all of the typical flu prevention treatments. After all, if you have kids or are around people who act like them, it doesn’t matter how careful you are about washing your hands or covering your mouth when you sneeze. So, Instead of those typical admonitions, I’m going to share with you some home cures that, while they might seem strange, really work!

1. Jazz It Up.

Immunoglobulin A (IgA) is an immune protein that is vital in your body’s efforts to stave off infection. Studies have demonstrated that 30 minutes of jazz actually raises the body’s levels of IgA…and continues to do so for at least another 30 minutes after the music has stopped.

2. Get Moving.

When you feel a cold coming on, the last thing you may feel like doing is swinging into action, but doing some gentle exercise can help decrease the risk of infection. The main flu-fighting benefit of the exercise is the accompanying rise in body temperature and anti-inflammatory effects that works, like a fever, to help strengthen the immune system. Maybe combine this with tip number one and Jazzercise!

3. Indulge in Chocolate.

Chocolate lovers of the world, rejoice! Yes, chocolate can be a response to feeling glum because of the flu but it can also help to alleviate one of the symptoms: coughing.  In fact, it has been shown to be even more effective than codeine. Word of warning before you stock up on Hershey’s kisses: sugar has negative impacts on immunity so instead you should go for dark chocolates. One tasty treat that you may find you come back to even after you’re well: dark hot chocolate sweetened with a drop of honey.

4. Have Some Oysters.

While you may have heard that oysters are an aphrodisiac, and your libido is most likely feeling a bit low if you don’t feel well, the real benefit to eating oysters is in their high zinc content. Zinc has been show to improve white blood cell performance and since these are the little guys that are fighting off the bacteria and viruses that seem desperate to get into your body, why not treat them to some oysters on the half shell! Just don’t order the champagne accompaniment because…

5. Stay Sober.

Despite all of the jokes you may have heard about the antiseptic nature of tequila or other hard liquor, alcohol actually works to suppress your immune system making it more likely that you will get sick. So, while you might be able to use a bottle of vodka to sanitize a wound in a pinch, you don’t want to try to use it to clear out an oncoming flu.

6. Wear Wet Socks.

Yes, I know that your mother always told you not to go out with wet hair or you would catch your ‘death of cold’ but this is different. In fact, the outcome of this is not necessarily one you would have ever logically deduced. In order for this to work, soak a pair of sock in cold water and put them on. Then, put on a second pair of thermal socks over the wet ones and go to bed. Keep your feet under a warm blanket and let the homemade hydrotherapy treatment stimulate your circulation. This improved circulation will help relieve head congestion and aids immune response.

7. Chew Garlic.

Nope, not these – we mean actual garlic…

If you’re a fan of the pungent bulb, raid your kitchen and sneak a raw clove every four hours or so. If the thought of chewing your way through it makes you hesitate, you can also cut it up into chunks and swallow it like a pill. Garlic contains allicin which has properties that combat viruses and bacteria…and as an added bonus, you’ll be well protected from vampires!

If you keep these tips and tricks in mind, you may find that you spend less time in the sick bed and more time…listening to jazz.

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The Safety and Necessity of the Flu Vaccine

The flu is one of the most dangerous types of diseases that commonly hospitalize or even kills people every winter. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, at least 3,000 people will develop the flu. This condition can be especially dangerous for children and people over 65. One way that medical professionals prevent the flu is by providing vaccines to the public. The following information will help a person to understand why they should take a vaccine to avoid the flu.

The Flu Season

The flu season typically begins in October and lasts all the way to May. Peak times for the flu season usually happen in the months of December and January. Most cases of the flu are usually finished by April but sometimes this disease can remain so aggressive that it lasts all the way until May.

What is the Flu?

The flu is a respiratory illness that is caused by the influenza virus. People usually get this disease by coming into contact with other people that have this condition or by contracting the virus through the air or from the surfaces. There are two types of influenza viruses that causes the flu and they are A and B. Influenza A usually spreads between early winter and early spring. Influenza B can get people during anytime of the year. When people develop the flu they usually have symptoms such as headache, fever, nausea, vomiting, chills and dizziness.

The Flu Vaccine

The flu vaccine is designed to stop the flu from harming people. It is usually administered in early October though some places provide vaccinations as early as September. Flu vaccinations work by creating vaccinations that causes antibodies to build up inside of a person’s system. This happens about two weeks after a person receives a vaccination.

Flu vaccinations protect people against all types of flu viruses such as:

  • Influenza A (H1N1)
  • Influenza A (H3N2)
  • Influenza B
  • Most people receive a standard flu shot that is a manufactured virus grown in eggs. They are common for people 6 months and older.
  • Flu shots that are grown in cell cultures are designed for people 18 and over.

There are also egg-free doses that are designed for people between 18 and 49 and high dose shots that are manufactured for people 65 and older. People should get a flu shot as early as possible.

Considerations for Flu Shot Vaccines

All people are recommended to get a flu shot every year. However, there are some exceptions to this rule. Children younger than 6 months should not be vaccinated. People who have an allergic reaction to the flu vaccine should not be vaccinated. Individuals with a fever that is the result of an illness should wait until they recover before receiving a vaccination and people who have a history of Guillain–Barré Syndrome should avoid vaccination shots.

People can get a flu shot from a local hospital, clinic or even a designated pharmacy that offers this type of service. Ultimately, flu shots are very effective for controlling the spread of the flu and keeping people safe throughout the long and cold winter season.

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Common Remedies to Ease Flu Symptons

The flu is by far the most common infection or condition that you can get. Other than its symptoms making you feel miserable, it is not really serious and will typically clear after a few days. Alternatively, you can employ some of the common home remedies for treating it discussed below.

Gargling Salt Water
Gargling salt water is an effective way of dealing with flu. It helps by moistening the sore throat associated with this condition. For this water to be effective, you need to dissolve about 8 ounces of salt in warm water and take it about four times daily. You could also use an astringent gargle of tea that has tannin to reduce the tickle in your throat.

Drinking Plenty of Fluids
Fluids play a key role in breaking up your congestion while also ensuring that you stay hydrated. Therefore, drink lots of water or juice to achieve this while also keeping your throat moist. Other than just water and juice, chicken soup is also an important remedy for the fight against this flu. As long as you can drink between 8-10 glasses daily, you can consider your flu gone within a few days.

A Dose of Salt
Salt is an important ingredient in treating flu. Gargling salt water and using saline nose drops are effective in giving you the relief that you need. Saline nasal sprays help in breaking down nasal congestion and also eliminating virus and bacteria from your nose. Just to ensure that this is effective and safe, use distilled or sterile water. Furthermore, rinse the irrigation device that you use properly. I’ve been informed that I’m crazy for thinking this, but every since I had a water softener installed I haven’t had a sort throat at all, which I think is a testament to this remedy! If you think you want a constant supply of saltier water, check out this website for more information: Quality Water Home.

Antihistamines
If your flu is accompanied by unending coughs, then antihistamines can help you take care of it. They can also help you with other flu symptoms such as water eyes, sneezing and nasal discharge.

Blowing Your Nose Properly
One common characteristic of flu is nose blowing. Unfortunately, not everyone know how to blow their nose when faced with this condition and end up with an earache instead. To do so effectively, you need to press a finger on one nostril then gently blow to clear the other nostril and then repeat the procedure for the other nostril. Blowing your nose regularly greatly helps in fighting flu.

Bed Rest
Many people suffering from the flu do not know that staying warm and rested can actually help the body overcome it more quickly. Bed rest helps the body direct its energy in providing immunity that you need to battle the flu. Therefore, stay in bed for a few hours and you will be surprised at how fast your flu will disappear.

Inhaling Steam
Nasal congestion and dripping can be annoying. Luckily, you can fight these two by inhaling steam. Holding your head over an open pot of boiling water can ease the congestion in your nose and also leave you feel better very fast. While at it, ensure to breathe in slowly to avoid getting burnt. Also don’t neglect using a good humidifier – having that moist air helps a lot!

These are just a few home remedies for fighting flu. If you can follow some of them, then you can be assured of fighting this condition quickly.

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Flu Emergencies: When You Should Call a Doctor

Most of the time having the flu is relatively harmless, though it can be quite uncomfortable. Recovery from the flu usually has a timeline of about a week or two without any lasting complications. So it seems unlikely that emergency care would ever be necessary with this illness.

However according to CDC estimates, there are over 200,000 cases of people in the United States who are hospitalized because of the flu each year. Around thirty-six thousand deaths are attributed to influenza annually. People most at risk of succumbing include the elderly, infants and people with weakened immune systems and those who suffer from certain diseases. Knowing what signs to look for in a potential flu emergency can be quite helpful in situations such as these.

People Most at Risk for a Flu Emergency

• Newborn infants and young children up to the age of 5 (children 2 and under especially)
• Adults over the age of 65
• Women who are pregnant
• Caregivers of the sick or children
• People who suffer from chronic diseases such as lung disease, asthma, or those who are suffering from heart problems
• Residents of long-term care institutions

Symptoms Most People Experience

• Body ache
• Stuffy or runny nose
• Coughing
• Headaches
• Fever
• Sleepiness
• Sore throat

Complications Associated with Influenza

• A worsening of medical conditions like asthma, heart failure or diabetes
• Severe muscle inflammation also called myositis
• Pneumonia
• Heart problems

Flu Emergency Symptoms

Experience of any of the following symptoms should result in contacting a health care provider as soon as possible. Do not delay. These symptoms can be a sign of a serious complication requiring emergency care.
• Wheezing
• Green mucus
• Coughing up blood
• Chest pressure or chest pain
• Bluish colored lips or nails
• A high fever for a longer than typical time for the flu

Treatments for Normal Flu Symptoms

Vaccines can prevent some strains of the flu but there’s not much that can be done once you contract it. Some actions you can take to ease the symptoms are:
• Drinking lots of fluids, especially water and vegetable juice
• Getting lots of rest
• Taking over-the-counter decongestants and antihistamines
• Over-the-counter painkillers can relieve headache, body pains and help to control fever.
• Consult a physician before taking any medications to find out if they are safe for you or those under your care
• Foods to eat when you have the flu include:
◦ Meal replacement drinks to obtain proper nutrients and calories when you are unable to consume a normal meal
◦ Toast can be convenient and easy to make while you’re fighting the illness and is light on the stomach
◦ Bananas are part of the BRAT diet recommended by doctors for people who are recovering from stomach problems and ready for solid food
◦ Hot tea, especially green tea, contains disease fighting antioxidants and the steam can help with congestion.
◦ Ginger is known to help with nausea and stomachache and it may help with inflammation.
◦ Garlic is showing signs of having anti-microbial and immune boosting characteristics.
◦ Popsicles made from 100% fruit juice can soothe sore throats and keep you hydrated when nothing else seems appealing.

Keeping the severe symptoms in mind when you or someone you know is ill can go a long way towards preventing severe emergencies and it will ease the mind knowing the difference between just the plain old flu and something you should be concerned about.

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Masks That May Prevent the Flu

Face masks are designed to protect a person from germs and viruses when people have become infected. They are typically worn by people who come into contact with an infected person as a way to not get sick.

Just like many other types of protective headgear, millions of people wear various forms of face masks through their daily lives when they have to work or even travel through or stay in areas where dangerous viruses or germs are present.

Can a Face Mask Stop the Spread of the Flu or other Diseases?

You probably don’t need to get this far though…

People that wear face masks wonder if they are effective for stopping the flu or other diseases. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), they are not guaranteed to prevent the spread of viruses and germs from entering into a person’s body. However, they do reduce a person’s chances of contracting a deadly disease when worn.

Face masks are usually loosing fitting and disposable pieces of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) that are commonly worn by medical professionals who work in hospitals or research staff that work in laboratories. This type of mask is worn over the nose and mouth and it works by blocking splashes, sprays, splatter and large-particle droplets which come from viruses and/or bacteria. Dangerous secretions from an infected person’s saliva, blood, urine and respiratory system are mitigated with the use of a face mask.

What is a N95 Respirator?

A more advanced type of face mask is called the N95 Respirator. The N95 forms a tighter bond over a person’s face and it usually has a very efficient filtration system. The filtration system is supposedly more effective against airborne particles. As a matter of fact, a N95 mask is supposed to prevent people from breathing in very fine contaminated particles. The N95 rating to this type of mask because it has the ability to block out 95% of all germs and bacteria.

Why Should a Person Wear a Face Mask?

People should wear a face mask for the following reasons:

  • When a person comes into close contact with a sick person that has a contagious condition, they should wear a face mask for protection.
  • A person is encouraged to wear a N95 Respirator when they are dealing with a sick person that uses an inhaler, nebulizer or receives some other type of respiratory treatment.
  • A person should wear a face mask if they do not have the flu.
  • A person should also wear a face mask if many people within their community has contracted a contagious disease.

Considerations for Using Face Masks and N95 Respirators

While face masks can be worn by everyone, N95 Respirators cannot be worn by people with facial hair (primarily men) or by children. The N95 Respirator will not form a good seal on the face of people who are a part of these two groups.

Some face masks can be washed and used more than one time but many are disposable. All N95 Respirators must be discarded after use and people should throw them away inside of a tightly sealed plastic bag to make sure everything is sanitary.

While respirators and face masks offer great protection against contagious diseases people should also use other basic disease prevention practices such as frequently washing their hands, using protective gloves and cleaning and disinfecting environments where disease is present.

18th Century Version – not recommended

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